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Bộ bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án

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Đến với bộ sưu tập Bài tập trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11 Sources Of Energy, quý thầy cô giáo và các em học sinh sẽ có thêm tài liệu để phục vụ quá trình giảng dạy và học tập. Các tài liệu trong bộ sưu tập này sẽ giúp các em học sinh luyện tập và nắm được cách làm các bài tập trong Unit 11 Tiếng Anh 11.

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án – Số 1

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án – Số 2

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án

II. Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box.

exhaust release alternate research relate

supply renew pollute harm finite

1. Coal, gas and oil are ______ forms of energy that can not be replaced after used.

2. The nuclear plant provides a fifth of the nation’s energy ______.

3. Solar energy is not only plentiful and ______ but also clean and safe.

4. Increased consumption will lead to faster ______ of our natural resources.

5. Electricity companies were criticized for failing to develop ______ energy sources.

6. Oxygen from the water is ______ into the atmosphere.

7. Fossil fuels will be exhausted within a ______ short time.

8. How to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for ______ all over the world.

9. These pesticides are environmentally ______.

10. Water power provides energy without ______.

III. Replace the relative clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase.

1. He was the first man who left the burning building.


2. The last person who leaves the room must turn out the lights.


3. The child is lonely; he would be happier if he had someone that he could play with.


4. Here are some accounts that you must check.


5. My brother is the only one who realized the danger.


6. The Queen Elizabeth is the largest ship which has been built on the Clyde.


7. We had a river in which we could swim.


8. She said that she wasn’t going to buy any cards; she hadn’t anyone to whom she could send cards.


9. Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon.


10. The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable.


11. I wish we had a garden that my children could play in.


12. I have some homework that I must do tonight.


13. Have you brought a book that Kevin can read?


14. She is the only woman who was appointed to the board.


15. The floor is dusty but I haven’t got a brush that I can sweep it with.


IV. Change all of the adjective clauses to adjective phrases. Use the participles.

1. Only a few of the movie that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children.


2. The couples who live in the house next door are both college professors.


3. A knuckle is a point that connects a finger to the rest of the hand.


4. Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth’s fresh water.


5. Only a small fraction of the eggs that are’ laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood.


6. Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.


7. None of the pedestrians who were walking up and down the busy street stopped to help the elderly man who was slumped in the door way.


8. Food that passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube which is called the esophagus.


9. Animals that are born in a zoo generally adjust to captivity better than those that are captured in the wild.


10. The children attended a special movie program that consisted of cartoons that featured Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse.


11. The Indians who lived in Peru before the discovery of the New World by Europeans belonged to the Incan culture.


12. I was awakened by the sound of laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel.


V. Complete the sentences with -ing, -ed, being + -ed or to-infinitive form of these verbs.

build drive educate elect flow travel introduce need

print say ten off give write win appear

1. The man ______ the bus is my brother.

2. I went to a reunion for students ______ in the physics department during the 1980s.

3. As my aunt told me what she thought, I felt like a schoolboy ______ by his headmaster.

4. There is a sign on the gate ______ ‘Entry forbidden’.

5. Emma Thompson is the most famous actress ______ on stage here,

6. Across the river were some of the deer ______ into the park in the 19th century.

7. Rivers ______ into Baltic Sea are much cleaner now than ten years ago.

8. New Zealand was the first country ______ women the vote.

9. The booklets ______ as we speak will be on sale later this afternoon,

10. Anyone ______ further information can see me in my office.

11. The guest on our show is the youngest golfer ______ the Open.

12. Mary O’Brien, the Democrat ______ to the council only last week, has resigned.

13. We live in a house ______ in 1906.

14. Any passengers ______ to Cambridge should sit in the first two carriages of the train.

15. Melanie was the only person ______ a letter of thanks.

VI. Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.

1. We visited Madrid, which is the capital of Spain.


2. Astronomy, which is the study of planets and stars, is one of the world’s oldest sciences.


3. Jasmine, which is a viny plant with fragrant flowers, grows only in warm places.


4. Arizona, which was once though to be a useless desert, is today a rapid growing industrial and agricultural state.


5. Simon Bolivar, who was a great. South American general, led the fight for independence early in the 19th century.


6. Few tourists ever see a jaguar, which is a spotted wild cat that is native to tropical America.


7. Nero, who was Emperor of Rome from AD 54 to 68, is believed to have murdered both his mother and his wife.


8. In hot weather, many people enjoy lemonate, which is a drink that is made from lemon juice, water, and sugar.


9. My uncle Elias, who is a restaurant owner, often buy fish and shellfish from boats that are docked at the local pier.


10. Honolulu, which is best known to the travelers for Waikiki Beach, has consistently pleasant weather.


VII. Write the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one.

1. She refuse to answer, which was disappointing.

Her _________________________________________________

2. I have not seen a more wonderful building anywhere.

Nowhere _____________________________________________

3. It is disappointing that we haven’t heard from Molly.

We are _________________________________________________

4. ‘Well done, I’m so glad you’ve passed your exam.”

I congratulated ___________________________________________

5. Somebody really ought to look into this problem further.

This problem _____________________________________________

6. Nobody has paid for the tickets, have they?

The tickets _______________________________________________

7. If I hadn’t examined the photograph myself, I would have thought it was a fake

Had ____________________________________________________

8. Tom arrived late and started complaining.

Not only _________________________________________________

9. Smuggling pets is a serious offense, because there is a danger of rabies.

Because of _______________________________________________

10. I wish I could play tennis really well.

I’d like ___________________________________________________

Bài tập trắc nghiệm tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án


Choose the words that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.

1. a. exhaust b. source c. enormous d. cause

2. a. sun b. solar c. safe d. sure

3. a. heat b. great c. release d. reach

4. a. geothermal b. power c. solar d. hydro

5. a. polluted b. consume c. nuclear d. fuel


A. Choose the word or phrase – a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.

6. The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth depends ______ the atmosphere.

a. to b. in c. on d. with

7. The natural environment consists ______ all natural resources.

a. in b. of c. to d. on

8. Solar energy can be changed ______ electricity.

a. in b. to c. into d. for

9. Oil, coal and natural gas are ______ fuels made from decayed material from animal or plants.

a. unleaded b. smokeless c. solid d. fossil

10. A nuclear reactor releases ______ which is dangerous to the environment.

a. radiation b. heat c. energy d. carbon dioxide

11. We could make better ______ of our energy resources.

a. spend b. use c. need d. limit

12. The government has spent £1 million on an advertising ______ to encourage energy conservation.

a. campaign b. promotion c. operation d. enterprise

13. All fossil fuels are ______ resources that cannot be replaced after use.

a. unlimited b. renewable c. available d. non-renewable

14. Solar energy is not only plentiful and infinite but also clean and safe.

a. boundless b. unlimited c. uncountable d. inflexible

15. Many newer cars have a much lower fuel ______.

a. consuming b. consumer c. consumation d. consumption

B. Choose the word or phrase – a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.

16. Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman ______ governor in the United States.

a. who elected b. to be elected c. was elected d. her election as

17. Pioneers, ______ in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient.

a. who living b. living c. lived d. that Iived

18. Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now ______ on the campus of Princeton University..

a. standing b. it stands c. has stood d. stood

19. Jerome Kern’s most famous work is Showboat, ______, most enduring musical comedies.

a. it is one of the finest b. of the finest one

c. the finest one d. one of the finest

20. ______ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought.

a. Discovering b. which was discovered

c. Discovered d. That when discovered

21. Neil Armstrong, ______ person to set foot on the moon, reported that the surface was fine and powdery.

a. the first b. to be the first c. was the first d. as the first

22. The Massachusetts State House, ______ in 1798, was the most distinguished building in the United States at that time.

a. completing b. which was completed

c. was completed d. to be completed

23. Lady Astor was the first woman ______ her seat in Parliament.

a. take b. to take c. taking d. who takes

24. Norman Weiner, ______ mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the computer.

a. who as a b. was a c. whom a d. a

25. War and Peace, ______, was published in 1869.

a. Leo Tolstoy’s most celebrated novel

b. that is Leo Tolstoy’s most celebrated novel

c. which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy

d. is a Leo Tolstoy’s most celebrated novel


A. Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box.

matter consuming filthy dangerous supply available

reachs contain conservation safe renewable correct

Solar energy, air and water are, usually called (31) ______, resources because there is an unlimited (32) ______, of them. However, this definition may change if people are not careful with the (33) ______, of these resources. The quality of solar energy that (34) ______ the earth depends on the atmosphere. If the atmosphere is polluted, the solar energy reaching the earth may be (35) ______. If life is about to continue, the air must (36) ______ the appropriate amount of N, O2, CO2 and other gases. If humans continue to pollute the air, it will not contain the (37) ______ amount of these gases. Water is also a (38) ______ to take into consideration. Industry is making our water (39) ______. Therefore, resources must be conserved, the air and water must be protected. (40) ______ must play important part in life.

B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.

The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions. Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way to dispose of wastes. Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars. But to date, that process has proven expensive. Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills. Geothermal power is also being tested. Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived from streams and rivers. Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United States, but to day it supplies only 4 percent. The oceans are another potential source of energy. Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity. Experiments are also underway to make use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy.

41. What is the best title of the passage?

a. The Use of Water Products for Energy

b. The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy

c. Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste

d. New Discoveries in Geothermal Power

42. What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago?

a. wind b. waste products c. water d. oil

43. What could Rest replace the phrase ‘geothermal power’ in the passage?

a. heat from the earth

b. gases in the earth’s atmosphere

c. steam that shot up out of the earth

d. water in the ocean, lake, or river

44. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy?

a. Burning of garbage b. Geothermal power

c. Synthetic fuels d. Electricity.

45. According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars’ as sources of energy due to?

a. They take a lot of time b. They are expensive

c. They are non-renewable resources d. They are scarce resources

46. What can be inferred from the paragraph?

a. All alternative production of energy will be derived from water.

b. Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy.

c. Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy.

d. Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources.


Choose the best sentence – a, b, c or d -made from the given cues.

47. the world/ energy resources/ take/ millions of years/ produce/ we/ quickly/ begin/ exhaust/ supplies//.

a. The world’s energy resources have taken many millions of years to produce, so we are quickly beginning to exhaust these supplies.

b. Although the world’s energy resources have taken many millions of years to produce, we are quickly beginning to exhaust these supplies.

c. The world’s energy resources have taken many millions of years to produce because we are quickly beginning to exhaust these supplies.

d. Since the world’s energy resources have taken many millions of years to produce, we are quickly beginning to exhaust these supplies.

48. recently/ UN committee/ report/ world/ oil and gas supplies/ last/ about 100 years/ if/ use/ carefully//

a. Recently UN committee reported that world’s oil and gas supplies, will last about 100 years if they are used carefully.

b. Recently the UN committee reported that the world’s oil and gas supplies would last about 100 years if using carefully.

c. Recently a UN committee reported that the world’s oil and gas supplies would last about 100 years if used carefully.

d. Recently a UN committee reported that the world’s oil and gas supplies would last about 100 years if it was used carefully.

49. the report/ state/ there/ enough/ oil and gas/ a century/ only if/ present demand/ control//

a. The report stated that there would be enough oil and gas for a century only if the present demand could be controlled.

b. The report stated that there would be oil and gas enough for a century only if the present demand could be controlled.

c. The report stated that there were enough oil and. gas for a century only if the present demand could controlled.

d. The report stated that there will be enough oil and gas for the century only if the present demand can be controlled.

50. according/ the report/ governments/ now/take/ steps/ control/ amounts/ fossil fuels/ use//

a. According to the report, governments must now take steps to control amounts of fossil fuels that are using.

b. According to the report, governments must now take steps to control the amounts of fossil fuels which used.

c. According to the report, governments must now take steps to control the amounts of fossil fuels that are used.

d. According to the report, governments must now take steps to control the amounts of fossil fuels that was used.

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án – Số 2


Choose the word that has the main stress placed differently from the others.

1. a. energy

b. exhausted

c. natural

d. plentiful

2. a. electricity

b. geothermal

c. alternative

d. radiation

3. a. available

b. potential

c. unlimited

d. infinite

4. a. release

b. supplies

c. nuclear

d. convenient

5. a. ecologist

b. fertilizer

c. dangerous

d. scientist


A. Choose the word or phrase -a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.

6. He has extensive research into renewable energy sources.

a. carried out b. turned on c. taken over d. cared for

7. One danger is in radioactive wastes which are produced during nuclear reactions.

a. consisting of b. getting rid of c. making use of d. taking care of

8. We should develop such sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy.

a. tradition b. alternative c. revolutionary d. surprising

9. There is now increasing concern about the world’s energy particularly about those involving fossil


a. possessions b. goods c. materials d. resources

10. It’s important for the developed countries to reduce energy as much as possible.

a. exhaustion b. destruction c. consumption d. waste

11. The world’s coal should last longer but, once used, these cannot be renewed.

a. reserves b. reservations c. stores d. storage

12 energy sources include water and wind power.

a. Friendly environmental b. Environmentally friendly

c. Friendly environment d. Environmental friendly

13. The of these toxic substances into the environment is potentially devastating.

a. delivery b. release c. distribution d. research

14. Increased consumption will lead to faster of our natural resources.

a. exhaust b. exhausting c. exhaustion d. exhaustive

15 is produced from the heat stored in the earth’s core.

a. Geothermal energy b. Nuclear energy

c. Solar energy d. Water energy

B. Choose the word or phrase, a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.

16. Hydroelectric power is produced by the fall of water in a dam.

a. trapping b. trapped c. to be trapped d. that trapped

17. Coal was the first fuel to power machinery.

a. is used b. using c. to use d. to be used

18. A huge amount of solar energy the earth’s outer atmosphere.

a. reach b. reaches c. that reaches d. is reached

19 is more interested in rhythm than in melody is apparent from his compositions.

a. That Philip Glass b. Philip Glass, who

c. Philip Glass d. Because Philip Glass

20. There are over 2,000 varieties of snake, are harmless to humans.

a. mostly they b. most of them c. most of which d. which most

21. For many years people have wondered exists elsewhere in the universe.

a. that life b. life which c. whether life d. life as it

22. Computers and new methods of communication the modern office.

a. have revolutionized b. to have revolutionized

c. that have revolutionized d. has revolutionized

23. Seldom each other anymore.

a. we have seen b. do we see c. we do see d. we see

24. Dry cleaning is the process clothes are cleaned in liquids other than water.

a. by b. which through c. by which d. through

25. It’s time the government something to encourage people to conserve energy.

a. do b. did c. have done d. will do

C. Choose the word or phrase – a, b, c or d – that needs correcting.

26. Grover Cleveland was the only American president served two

A                                       B

nonconsecutive terms. (to serve/who served)

C                            D

27. The world’s rainforests are being cut down at the rate on 3,000 acres

A                         B                                        C

(of) per hour.


28. Many environmentalists fear that the earth will run out essential

A                                     B                                     C

(out of essential) natural resourses before the end of the twenty-fifth century.


29. Chicago’s Sears Tower, now the tallest building in the world, rises

A                                                  B

1,522 feet from the ground, to the top of it antenna.

C                                                        D (its)

30. In just three months H.G. Wells wrote the famous classic The Time

A                                                B

Machine for what he won a Newberry Caldecot award.

C                   D

31. If the concentration of chlorine in wateris careful controlled, it will not

A                                                 B                  C

harm human beings.


32. Because much species of plants and animals in Hawaii ate threatened

A                                                               B

with extinction within a short period of time, scientists are trying desperately to rescue them.

C                                                                                           D

33. Every fuel has their own particular temperature at which it begins

A                       B                                   C                 D

to burn.

34. Nuclear energy, a almost limitless source of power, was harnessed

A                   B                                            C

during the mid-1900s.


35. Her many friends, among who I like to be considered, gave

A                         B                                  C

her encouragement.



A. Read the text below and decide which answer – a, b, c or d – best fits each space.

Although they are safe to use in the short term, coal, gas and oil present a long-term (36) …… to the environment. All three types of fossil fuels produce carbon dioxide in (37) …… greater .quantities than plants can use. The carbon dioxide then (38) in the atmosphere and may even increase the earth’s ‘heat

load’ and lead to global (39) ….. in temperature. Furthermore, all three fossil ‘fuels are (40) …… forms of energy. Geothermal power is (41) ever to be an energy source of major importance. It is limited and is

exploitable in only a few places. Hydro-power offers a much more useful source of energy. It is also renewable but its (42) …… is limited. Dams cannot be built in certain areas. In addition, large dams are also (43) …… of causing changes in the world’s climate. Wind power is a (44) …… source of renewable energy but it cannot be used in many parts of the world where there is (45) …… wind. Wave power is better source of energy in certain ways but it is clearly not practicable to build (46) across every river

estuary or to cover seas with expensive equipment. It is also ineffective where the sea is usually calm. Solar power is renewable, it does not cause pollution and it does not add to the earth’s heat (47) …….

Unfortunately, solar power is not distributed equally, and in the northern latitudes it is difficult to (48) ……

and store. Solar power’ also requires expensive equipment. Finally, nuclear power provides a very (49) ……

and renewable power source. However, not only is there a great danger of leaks or accidents but there is also the problem of the (50) of radioactive waste.

36. a. warning

b. fight

c. threat

d. demand

37. a. more

b. far

c. very

d. every

38. a. accumulates

b. disperses

c. discharges

d. releases

39. a. raise

b. change

c. drop

d. rise

40. a. renewed

b. non-renewed

c. renewable

d. non-renewable

41. a. mostly

b. unlikely

c. highly

d. mainly

42. a. availability

b. alternativity

c. consumption

d. development

43. a. consisting

b. composed

c. capable

d. typical

44. a. power-free

b. limit-free

c. problem-free

d. pollution-free

45. a. inefficient

b. insufficient

c. unlimited

d. nonexistent

46. a. harbors

b. banks

c. dams

d. systems

47. a. loss

b. exhaustion

c. dispersion

d. load

48. a. collect

b. save

c. gain

d. pick

49. a. potential

b. efficient

c. convenient

d. dangerous

50. a. supply

b. solution

c. disposal

d. influence

B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.

At present, people depend on unlimited energy to power their everyday lives. A wide range of energy- run devices and modern conveniences are taken for granted, and although it may seem that we will never be in danger of living without those conveniences, the fact is that many supplies of energy are dwindling rapidly. Scientists are constantly searching for new sources of power to keep modern society running. Whether future populations will continue to enjoy the benefit of abundant energy will depend on the success of this search.

Coal, oil, and natural gas supply modern civilization with most of its power. However, not only are supplies of these fuels limited, but they are a major source of pollution. If the energy demands of the future are to be met without seriously harming the environment, existing alternative energy sources must be improved or further explored and developed. These include nuclear, water, solar, wind, and geothermal power, as well as energy from new, nonpolluting types of fuels. Each of these alternatives, however, has advantages and disadvantages.

Nuclear power plants efficiently produce large amounts of electricity without polluting the atmosphere; however, they are costly to build and maintain, and they pose the daunting problem of what to do with nuclear wastes. Hydroelectric power is inexpensive and environmentally safe, but impractical for communities located far from moving water. Harnessing energy from tides and waves has similar drawbacks. Solar power holds great promise for the future but methods of collecting and –concentrating sunlight are as yet inefficient, as are methods of harnessing wind power.

Every source of energy has its disadvantages. One way to minimize them is to use less energy. Conservation efforts coupled with renewable energy resources, such as a combination of solar, water, wind, and geothermal energy and alternative fuels, such as alcohol and hydrogen, will ensure supplies of clean, affordable energy for humanity’s future.

51. The passage suggests that …….

a. people use energy without giving great thought to where it’s coming from.

b. the search for energy sources is mainly a problem for the future

c. scientists believe we will never have to go without our modern conveniences

d. modern society requires a minimum amount of energy to keep running

52. It can be implied from the passage that …….

a. most alternative energy sources have proven to be impractical

b. many alternative energy’ sources. are environmentally hazardous

c. nuclear power solves one problem while creating others

d. solar and wind power are not promising for the future

53. From the passage, it can be inferred that to solve our energy problems …….

a. we will have to stop using many of our modern conveniences

b. scientists will have to find one major source of nonpolluting energy

c. scientists will have to find ways to increase our supplies of coal, oil and gas

d. a combination of conservation and invention will be needed

54. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

a. The search for alternative energy sources is not over.

b. Our present energy sources must be eliminated and replaced with alternatives sources.

c. Alternative sources of energy on this planet are very limited.

d. Demand; for energy in the future are likely to decrease.

55. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

a. The amount of fossil fuels in the world is limited.

b. Most alternative energy sources are environmentally friendly.

c. Hydroelectric power is impractical because of its being money consuming.

d. It is impossible to use wind power efficiently at present.

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